Life After Levels  NAHT Assessment Framework Exemplification Materials
Key Stage 1 Mathematics
National Curriculum England 2014  NAHT Assessment Framework
Geometry  position and direction
Year 2

Uses mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement, including movement in a straight line and distinguishing between rotation as a turn and in terms of right angles for quarter, half and threequarter turns (clockwise and anticlockwise)
Geometry  properties of shapes
Year 1

Recognises and names common 2D and 3D shapes, including:
Year 2

Compares and sorts common 2D and 3D shapes and everyday objects
Measurement
Year 1

Compare, describe and solve practical problems for:

Lengths and heights e.g. long/short, longer/shorter, tall/short, double/half

Mass/weight e.g. heavy/light, heavier than, lighter than

Capacity and volume e.g. full/empty, more than, less than, half, half full, quarter

Time e.g. quicker, slower, earlier, later


Tells the time to the hour and half past the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times
Year 2

Solves simple problems in a practical context involving addition and subtraction of money of the same unit, including giving change
Number  addition and subtraction
Year 1

Represent and use number bonds and related subtraction facts within 20
Year 2

Solves problems with addition and subtraction by:

Using concrete objects and pictorial representations, including those involving numbers, quantities and measures

Applying their increasing knowledge of mental and written methods


Recalls and uses addition and subtraction facts to 20 and 100:

Fluently up to 20.

Number  fractions
Year 1

Recognises, finds and names a half as one of two equal parts of an object, shape or quantity
Year 2

Recognises, find, name and write fractions ⅓, ¼,2/4and ¾ of a length, shape, set of objects or quantity
Number  multiplication and division
Year 2

Recalls and use multiplication and division facts for the two, five and 10 multiplication tables, including recognising odd and even numbers

Solves problems involving multiplication and division, using materials, arrays, repeated addition, mental methods, and multiplication and division facts, including problems in contexts
Number  number and place value
Year 1

Count to and across 100, forwards and backwards, beginning with 0 or 1, or from any given number

Count, read and write numbers to 100 in numerals; count in multiples of twos, fives and tens

Given a number, identifies 1 more and 1 less
Year 2

Count in steps of two, three, and five from 0, and in 10s from any number, forward and backward

Compares and orders numbers from 0 up to 100

Uses < > and = signs correctly

Uses place value and number facts to solve problems
Statistics
Year 2

Asks and answers questions about totalling and comparing categorical data
Key Stage 1 Reading
National Curriculum England 2014  NAHT Assessment Framework
Comprehension
Year 1

Develop pleasure in reading, motivation to read, vocabulary and understanding by:

Listening to and discussing a wide range of poems, stories and nonfiction at a level beyond that at which they can read independently

Becoming very familiar with key stories, fairy stories and traditional tales


Understands both the books they can already read accurately and fluently and those they listen to by:

Checking that the text makes sense to them as they read

As they read, correcting inaccurate reading

Discussing the significance of the title and events

Predicting what might happen on the basis of what has been read so far

Year 2

Develops pleasure in reading, motivation to read, vocabulary and understanding by:

Listening to, discussing and expressing views about a wide range of contemporary and classic poetry, stories and nonfiction at a level beyond that at which they can read independently

Discussing the sequence of events in books and how items of information are related

Becoming increasingly familiar with a wider range of stories, fairy stories and traditional tales

Retelling a range of stories, fairy stories and traditional tales

Being introduced to nonfiction books that are structured in different ways


Understand both the books that they can already read accurately and fluently and those that they listen to by:

Answering questions

Predicting what might happen on the basis of what has been read so far


Participates in discussion about books, poems and other works that are read to them and those that they can read for themselves, taking turns and listening to what others say
Word reading
Year 1

Responds speedily with the correct sound to graphemes (letters or groups of letters) for all 40+ phonemes, including, where applicable, alternative sounds for graphemes

Reads accurately by blending sounds in unfamiliar words

Reads common exception words

Reads aloud accurately books that are consistent with their developing phonic knowledge and that do not require them to use other strategies to work out words
Year 2

Reads accurately by blending the sounds in words that contain the graphemes taught so far, especially recognising alternative sounds for graphemes

Reads accurately words of two or more syllables that contain the same graphemes as above

Reads most words at an instructional level 9395 per cent quickly and accurately without overt sounding and blending, when they have been frequently encountered

Reads aloud books closely matched to their improving phonic knowledge, sounding out unfamiliar words accurately, automatically and without undue hesitation

Rereads these books to build up their fluency and confidence in word reading
Key Stage 1 Writing
National Curriculum England 2014  NAHT Assessment Framework
Composition
Year 1

Write sentences by:

Sequencing sentences to form short narratives

Rereading what they have written to check that it makes sense

Year 2

Develops positive attitudes towards, and stamina for, writing, by writing for different purposes

Considers what is going to be written before beginning by encapsulating what they want to say, sentence by sentence

Makes simple additions, revisions and corrections to their own writing by:

Proofreading to check for errors in spelling, grammar and punctuation

Segmenting spoken words into phonemes and representing these by graphemes, spelling many correctly

Learning new ways of spelling phonemes for which one or more spellings are already known; and learn some words with each spelling, including a few common homophones.

Handwriting
Year 1

Begins to form lowercase letters in the correct direction, starting and finishing in the right place
Year 2

Writes capital letters and digits of the correct size, orientation and relationship to one another and to lowercase letters
Transcription  Spelling
Year 1

Spells words containing each of the 40+ phonemes already taught

Names the letters of the alphabet in order

Writes from memory simple sentences dictated by the teacher that include words using the GPCs and common exception words taught so far
Vocabulary, grammar and punctuation
Year 1

Introduces capital letters, full stops, question marks and exclamation marks to demarcate sentences
Year 2

Uses capital letters, full stops, question marks and exclamation marks to demarcate sentences

Use commas to separate items in a list

Uses the correct choice and consistent use of present tense and past tense throughout a written piece

Constructs subordination (using when, if, that, because) and coordination (using or, and, but)

Uses the suffixes –er, –est in adjectives and –ly to turn adjectives into adverbs
Key Stage 2 Mathematics
National Curriculum England 2014  NAHT Assessment Framework
Algebra
Year 6

Uses simple formulae
Geometry  position and direction
Year 4

Plots specified points and draw sides to complete a given polygon
Year 6

Draws and translate simple shapes on the coordinate plane and reflect them in the axes

Interprets pie charts and line graphs and uses these to solve problems
Geometry  properties of shapes
Year 4

Compares and classifies geometric shapes, including quadrilaterals and triangles, based on their properties and sizes

Identify lines of symmetry in two dimensional shapes presented in different orientations
Year 5

Draws given angles, and measure them in degrees (°)

Distinguishes between regular and irregular polygons based on reasoning about equal sides and angles
Year 6

Compares and classifies geometric shapes based on their properties and sizes and find unknown angles in any triangles, quadrilaterals, and regular polygons
Measurement
Year 3

Measures, compare, adds and subtracts lengths (m/cm/mm); mass (kg/g); volume/capacity (l/ml)

Adds and subtracts amounts of money to give change, using both £ and p in practical contexts

Tells and writes the time from an analogue clock and 12hour and 24hour clocks

Identifies right angles, recognises that two right angles make a halfturn, three make three quarters of a turn and four a complete turn; identifies whether angles are greater than or less than a right angle
Year 4

Converts between different units of measure e.g. kilometre to metre; hour to minute
Year 5

Converts between different units of metric measure eg kilometre and metre; centimetre and metre; centimetre and millimetre; gram and kilogram; litre and millilitre

Measures and calculates the perimeter of composite rectilinear shapes in centimetres and metres

Calculates and compares the area of rectangles (including squares), including using standard units, square centimetres (cm²) and square metres (m²)
Year 6

Uses, reads, writes and converts between standard units, converting measurements of length, mass, volume and time from a smaller unit of measure to a larger unit, and vice versa, using decimal notation to up to three decimal places
Number  addition and subtraction
Year 3

Add and subtract numbers mentally including:

A threedigit number and ones

A threedigit number and tens

A threedigit number and hundreds

Year 4

Solves addition and subtraction twostep problems in context, deciding which operations and methods to use and why
Year 5

Adds and subtracts whole numbers with more than 4 digits, including using formal written methods (columnar addition and subtraction)

Adds and subtracts numbers mentally with increasingly large numbers (eg 12,462  2,300 = 10,162)
Number  addition, subtraction, multiplication and division
Year 6

Multiplies multidigit numbers up to four digits by a twodigit whole number using the formal written method of long multiplication

Divides numbers up to four digits by a twodigit number using the formal written method of short division where appropriate, interpreting remainders according to the context

Solves addition and subtraction multistep problems in contexts, deciding which operations and methods to use and why

Uses estimation to check answers to calculations and determines, in the context of a problem, an appropriate degree of accuracy
Number  fractions
Year 3

Counts up and down in tenths; recognise that tenths arise from dividing an object into 10 equal parts and in dividing onedigit numbers or quantities by 10

Recognises, find and write fractions of a discrete set of objects: unit fractions and nonunit fractions with small denominators

Recognises and shows, using diagrams, equivalent fractions with small denominators
Year 4

Recognises and shows, using diagrams, families of common equivalent fractions

Counts up and down in hundredths; recognise that hundredths arise when dividing an object by 100 and dividing tenths by 10

Rounds decimals with one decimal place to the nearest whole number

Solves simple measure and money problems involving fractions and decimals to two decimal places
Year 5

Compares and orders fractions whose denominators are all multiples of the same number

Read and write decimal numbers as fractions e.g. 0.71 =71/100

Reads, writes, orders and compares numbers with up to 3 decimal places

Solves problems which require knowing percentage and decimal equivalents of ½, ¼, ⅕, ⅖, ⅘ and those fractions with a denominator of a multiple of 10 or 25
Year 6

Uses written division methods in cases where the answer has up to two decimal places

Solves problems which require answers to be rounded to specified degrees of accuracy

Recalls and uses equivalences between simple fractions, decimals and percentages, including in different contexts
Number  multiplication and division
Year 3

Recalls and uses multiplication and division facts for the multiplication tables:

Three;

Four; and

Eight.


Writes and calculates mathematical statements for multiplication and division using the multiplication tables that they know, including for twodigit numbers times onedigit numbers, using mental and progressing to formal written methods
Year 4

Recalls multiplication and division facts for multiplication tables up to 12 x 12
Year 5

Identifies multiples and factors, including finding all factor pairs of a number, and common factors of two numbers

Solves problems involving multiplication and division, including using a knowledge of factors and multiples, squares and cubes

Solves problems involving multiplication and division, including scaling by simple fractions and problems involving simple rates
Number  number and place value
Year 3

Counts from 0 in multiples of four, eight, 50 and 100

Can work out if a given number is greater or less than 10 or 100

Recognises the place value of each digit in a 3digit number (hundreds, tens and ones)

Solves number problems and practical problems involving these ideas
Year 4

Count in multiples of six, seven, nine, 25 and 1,000

Counts backwards through 0 to include negative numbers

Orders and compares numbers beyond 1,000

Rounds any number to the nearest 10, 100 or 1,000
Year 5

Reads, writes, orders and compares numbers to at least 1,000,000 and determine the value of each digit

Interprets negative numbers in context, count forwards and backwards with positive and negative whole numbers, including through zero
Year 6

Rounds any whole number to a required degree of accuracy

Uses negative numbers in context, and calculate intervals across zero
Ratio and proportion
Year 6

Solve problems involving the calculation of percentages eg of measures and such as 15% of 360, and the use of percentages for comparison

Solves problems involving unequal sharing and grouping using knowledge of fractions and multiples
Statistics
Year 3

Interprets and presents data using bar charts, pictograms and tables
Year 4

Solves comparison, sum and difference problems using information presented in bar charts, pictograms, tables and other graphs
Year 5

Completes, reads and interprets information in tables, including timetables
Year 6

Calculates and interprets the mean as an average
Key Stage 2 Reading
National Curriculum England 2014  NAHT Assessment Framework
Comprehension
Year 3

Develops positive attitudes to reading, and an understanding of what they read, by:

Listening to and discussing a wide range of fiction, poetry, plays, nonfiction and reference books or textbooks

Using dictionaries to check the meaning of words that they have read

Identifying themes and conventions in a wide range of books


Understands what they have read independently by:

Drawing inferences such as inferring characters’ feelings, thoughts and motives from their actions, and justifying inferences with evidence

Predicting what might happen from details stated and implied


Retrieves and records information from nonfiction
Year 4

Listens to and discusses a wide range of fiction, poetry, plays, nonfiction and reference books or textbooks

Uses dictionaries to check the meaning of words that have been read

Identifies themes and conventions in a wide range of books

Checks that the text makes sense to the individual, discussing his understanding and explaining the meaning of words in context

Draws inferences such as inferring characters’ feelings, thoughts and motives from their actions and justifies inferences with evidence

Predicts what might happen from details stated and implied

Identifies main ideas drawn from more than one paragraph and summarises these

Retrieves and record information from nonfiction
Year 5

Increases familiarity with a wide range of books including myths, legends and traditional stories, modern fiction, fiction from our literary heritage, and books from other cultures and traditions

Checks that the book makes sense to the reader, discussing the individual’s understanding and exploring the meaning of words in context

Summarises the main ideas drawn from more than one paragraph, identifying key details that support the main ideas

Retrieves, records and presents information from nonfiction

Participates in discussions about books that are read to the child and those that can be read independently

Provides reasoned justifications for their views about a book
Year 6

Increases familiarity with a wide range of books, including myths, legends and traditional stories, modern fiction, fiction from our literary heritage, and books from other cultures and traditions

Checks that the book makes sense to the reader, discussing the individual’s understanding and exploring the meaning of words in context

Summarises the main ideas drawn from more than one paragraph, identifying key details that support the main ideas

Retrieves, records and presents information from nonfiction

Participates in discussions about books that are read to the individual and those that can be read independently

Provides reasoned justifications for their views about a book
Word reading
Year 3

Reads further exception words, noting the unusual correspondences between spelling and sound, and where these occur in the word
Year 4

Applies a growing knowledge of root words, prefixes and suffixes (etymology and morphology) as listed in English appendix 1 of the national curriculum document, both to read aloud and to understand the meaning of new words they meet
Year 5

Applies a growing knowledge of root words, prefixes and suffixes (morphology and etymology), as listed in English appendix 1 of the national curriculum, both to read aloud and to understand the meaning of new words that are met
Year 6

Applies a growing knowledge of root words, prefixes and suffixes (morphology and etymology), as listed in English appendix 1 of the national curriculum, both to read aloud and to understand the meaning of new words that they meet
Key Stage 2 Writing
National Curriculum England 2014  NAHT Assessment Framework
Composition
Year 3

Organises paragraphs around a theme

In narratives, creates settings, characters and plot

Uses headings and subheadings to aid presentation

Proofreads for spelling and punctuation errors
Year 4

Organises paragraphs around a theme

In narratives, creates settings, characters and plot

Proofreads for spelling and punctuation errors
Year 5

Identifies the audience for, and purpose of, the writing

Selects the appropriate form and uses other similar writing as models for their own

Describes settings, characters and atmosphere

Uses further organisational and presentational devices to structure text and to guide the reader (eg headings, bullet points, underlining)

Ensures the consistent and correct use of tense throughout a piece of writing

Proofreads for spelling and punctuation errors
Year 6

Identifies the audience for, and purpose of, the writing

Selects the appropriate form and uses other similar writing as models for their own

Uses further organisational and presentational devices to structure text and to guide the reader (eg headings, bullet points, underlining)

Can describe settings, characters and atmosphere

Ensures the consistent and correct use of tense throughout a piece of writing

Proofreads for spelling and punctuation errors
Transcription  Spelling
Year 4

Writes from memory simple sentences, dictated by the teacher, that include words and punctuation taught so far
Vocabulary, grammar and punctuation
Year 3

Uses the present perfect form of verbs instead of the simple past eg ‘He has gone out to play’ in contrast to ‘He went out to play’

Expresses time, place and cause using conjunctions

Introduces inverted commas to punctuate direct speech

Uses the forms ‘a’ or ‘an’ according to whether the next word begins with a consonant or a vowel eg a rock, an open box
Year 4

Uses fronted adverbials

Can choose an appropriate pronoun or noun within and across sentences to aid cohesion and avoid repetition

Uses standard English forms for verb inflections instead of local spoken forms

Uses inverted commas and other punctuation to indicate direct speech
Year 5

Indicates degrees of possibility using adverbs (eg perhaps, surely) or modal verbs (eg might, should, will, must)

Uses commas to clarify meaning or avoid ambiguity

Converts nouns or adjectives into verbs using suffixes (eg ate; ise; ify)

Uses devices to build cohesion within a paragraph (eg then, after that, this, firstly)
Year 6

Uses dictionaries to check the spelling and meaning of words

Can understand and apply the difference between vocabulary typical of informal speech and vocabulary appropriate for formal speech and writing (eg find out  discover; ask for  request; go in  enter)

Uses the passive voice to affect the presentation of information in a sentence (eg ‘I broke the window in the greenhouse’ versus ‘The window in the greenhouse was broken (by me)’

Uses the colon to introduce a list

Punctuates bullet points to list information

Can use layout devices, such as headings, subheadings, columns, bullets, or tables, to structure text