Life After Levels - NAHT Assessment Framework Exemplification Materials


Key Stage 1 Mathematics

National Curriculum England 2014 - NAHT Assessment Framework

Geometry - position and direction

Year 2
  • Uses mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement, including movement in a straight line and distinguishing between rotation as a turn and in terms of right angles for quarter, half and three-quarter turns (clockwise and anti-clockwise)

Geometry - properties of shapes

Year 1
  • Recognises and names common 2-D and 3-D shapes, including:
Year 2
  • Compares and sorts common 2-D and 3-D shapes and everyday objects

Measurement

Year 1
  • Compare, describe and solve practical problems for:
    • Lengths and heights e.g. long/short, longer/shorter, tall/short, double/half
    • Mass/weight e.g. heavy/light, heavier than, lighter than
    • Capacity and volume e.g. full/empty, more than, less than, half, half full, quarter
    • Time e.g. quicker, slower, earlier, later
  • Tells the time to the hour and half past the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times
Year 2
  • Solves simple problems in a practical context involving addition and subtraction of money of the same unit, including giving change

Number - addition and subtraction

Year 1
  • Represent and use number bonds and related subtraction facts within 20
Year 2
  • Solves problems with addition and subtraction by:
    • Using concrete objects and pictorial representations, including those involving numbers, quantities and measures
    • Applying their increasing knowledge of mental and written methods
  • Recalls and uses addition and subtraction facts to 20 and 100:
    • Fluently up to 20.

Number - fractions

Year 1
  • Recognises, finds and names a half as one of two equal parts of an object, shape or quantity
Year 2
  • Recognises, find, name and write fractions ⅓, ¼,2/4and ¾ of a length, shape, set of objects or quantity

Number - multiplication and division

Year 2
  • Recalls and use multiplication and division facts for the two, five and 10 multiplication tables, including recognising odd and even numbers
  • Solves problems involving multiplication and division, using materials, arrays, repeated addition, mental methods, and multiplication and division facts, including problems in contexts

Number - number and place value

Year 1
  • Count to and across 100, forwards and backwards, beginning with 0 or 1, or from any given number
  • Count, read and write numbers to 100 in numerals; count in multiples of twos, fives and tens
  • Given a number, identifies 1 more and 1 less
Year 2
  • Count in steps of two, three, and five from 0, and in 10s from any number, forward and backward
  • Compares and orders numbers from 0 up to 100
  • Uses < > and = signs correctly
  • Uses place value and number facts to solve problems

Statistics

Year 2
  • Asks and answers questions about totalling and comparing categorical data

Key Stage 1 Reading

National Curriculum England 2014 - NAHT Assessment Framework

Comprehension

Year 1
  • Develop pleasure in reading, motivation to read, vocabulary and understanding by:
    • Listening to and discussing a wide range of poems, stories and non-fiction at a level beyond that at which they can read independently
    • Becoming very familiar with key stories, fairy stories and traditional tales
  • Understands both the books they can already read accurately and fluently and those they listen to by:
    • Checking that the text makes sense to them as they read
    • As they read, correcting inaccurate reading
    • Discussing the significance of the title and events
    • Predicting what might happen on the basis of what has been read so far
Year 2
  • Develops pleasure in reading, motivation to read, vocabulary and understanding by:
    • Listening to, discussing and expressing views about a wide range of contemporary and classic poetry, stories and non-fiction at a level beyond that at which they can read independently
    • Discussing the sequence of events in books and how items of information are related
    • Becoming increasingly familiar with a wider range of stories, fairy stories and traditional tales
    • Retelling a range of stories, fairy stories and traditional tales
    • Being introduced to non-fiction books that are structured in different ways
  • Understand both the books that they can already read accurately and fluently and those that they listen to by:
    • Answering questions
    • Predicting what might happen on the basis of what has been read so far
  • Participates in discussion about books, poems and other works that are read to them and those that they can read for themselves, taking turns and listening to what others say

Word reading

Year 1
  • Responds speedily with the correct sound to graphemes (letters or groups of letters) for all 40+ phonemes, including, where applicable, alternative sounds for graphemes
  • Reads accurately by blending sounds in unfamiliar words
  • Reads common exception words
  • Reads aloud accurately books that are consistent with their developing phonic knowledge and that do not require them to use other strategies to work out words
Year 2
  • Reads accurately by blending the sounds in words that contain the graphemes taught so far, especially recognising alternative sounds for graphemes
  • Reads accurately words of two or more syllables that contain the same graphemes as above
  • Reads most words at an instructional level 93-95 per cent quickly and accurately without overt sounding and blending, when they have been frequently encountered
  • Reads aloud books closely matched to their improving phonic knowledge, sounding out unfamiliar words accurately, automatically and without undue hesitation
  • Re-reads these books to build up their fluency and confidence in word reading

Key Stage 1 Writing

National Curriculum England 2014 - NAHT Assessment Framework

Composition

Year 1
  • Write sentences by:
    • Sequencing sentences to form short narratives
    • Re-reading what they have written to check that it makes sense
Year 2
  • Develops positive attitudes towards, and stamina for, writing, by writing for different purposes
  • Considers what is going to be written before beginning by encapsulating what they want to say, sentence by sentence
  • Makes simple additions, revisions and corrections to their own writing by:
    • Proofreading to check for errors in spelling, grammar and punctuation
    • Segmenting spoken words into phonemes and representing these by graphemes, spelling many correctly
    • Learning new ways of spelling phonemes for which one or more spellings are already known; and learn some words with each spelling, including a few common homophones.

Handwriting

Year 1
  • Begins to form lower-case letters in the correct direction, starting and finishing in the right place
Year 2
  • Writes capital letters and digits of the correct size, orientation and relationship to one another and to lower-case letters

Transcription - Spelling

Year 1
  • Spells words containing each of the 40+ phonemes already taught
  • Names the letters of the alphabet in order
  • Writes from memory simple sentences dictated by the teacher that include words using the GPCs and common exception words taught so far

Vocabulary, grammar and punctuation

Year 1
  • Introduces capital letters, full stops, question marks and exclamation marks to demarcate sentences
Year 2
  • Uses capital letters, full stops, question marks and exclamation marks to demarcate sentences
  • Use commas to separate items in a list
  • Uses the correct choice and consistent use of present tense and past tense throughout a written piece
  • Constructs subordination (using when, if, that, because) and co-ordination (using or, and, but)
  • Uses the suffixes –er, –est in adjectives and –ly to turn adjectives into adverbs

Key Stage 2 Mathematics

National Curriculum England 2014 - NAHT Assessment Framework

Algebra

Year 6
  • Uses simple formulae

Geometry - position and direction

Year 4
  • Plots specified points and draw sides to complete a given polygon
Year 6
  • Draws and translate simple shapes on the coordinate plane and reflect them in the axes
  • Interprets pie charts and line graphs and uses these to solve problems

Geometry - properties of shapes

Year 4
  • Compares and classifies geometric shapes, including quadrilaterals and triangles, based on their properties and sizes
  • Identify lines of symmetry in two dimensional shapes presented in different orientations
Year 5
  • Draws given angles, and measure them in degrees (°)
  • Distinguishes between regular and irregular polygons based on reasoning about equal sides and angles
Year 6
  • Compares and classifies geometric shapes based on their properties and sizes and find unknown angles in any triangles, quadrilaterals, and regular polygons

Measurement

Year 3
  • Measures, compare, adds and subtracts lengths (m/cm/mm); mass (kg/g); volume/capacity (l/ml)
  • Adds and subtracts amounts of money to give change, using both £ and p in practical contexts
  • Tells and writes the time from an analogue clock and 12-hour and 24-hour clocks
  • Identifies right angles, recognises that two right angles make a half-turn, three make three quarters of a turn and four a complete turn; identifies whether angles are greater than or less than a right angle
Year 4
  • Converts between different units of measure e.g. kilometre to metre; hour to minute
Year 5
  • Converts between different units of metric measure eg kilometre and metre; centimetre and metre; centimetre and millimetre; gram and kilogram; litre and millilitre
  • Measures and calculates the perimeter of composite rectilinear shapes in centimetres and metres
  • Calculates and compares the area of rectangles (including squares), including using standard units, square centimetres (cm²) and square metres (m²)
Year 6
  • Uses, reads, writes and converts between standard units, converting measurements of length, mass, volume and time from a smaller unit of measure to a larger unit, and vice versa, using decimal notation to up to three decimal places

Number - addition and subtraction

Year 3
  • Add and subtract numbers mentally including:
    • A three-digit number and ones
    • A three-digit number and tens
    • A three-digit number and hundreds
Year 4
  • Solves addition and subtraction two-step problems in context, deciding which operations and methods to use and why
Year 5
  • Adds and subtracts whole numbers with more than 4 digits, including using formal written methods (columnar addition and subtraction)
  • Adds and subtracts numbers mentally with increasingly large numbers (eg 12,462 - 2,300 = 10,162)

Number - addition, subtraction, multiplication and division

Year 6
  • Multiplies multi-digit numbers up to four digits by a two-digit whole number using the formal written method of long multiplication
  • Divides numbers up to four digits by a two-digit number using the formal written method of short division where appropriate, interpreting remainders according to the context
  • Solves addition and subtraction multi-step problems in contexts, deciding which operations and methods to use and why
  • Uses estimation to check answers to calculations and determines, in the context of a problem, an appropriate degree of accuracy

Number - fractions

Year 3
  • Counts up and down in tenths; recognise that tenths arise from dividing an object into 10 equal parts and in dividing one-digit numbers or quantities by 10
  • Recognises, find and write fractions of a discrete set of objects: unit fractions and non-unit fractions with small denominators
  • Recognises and shows, using diagrams, equivalent fractions with small denominators
Year 4
  • Recognises and shows, using diagrams, families of common equivalent fractions
  • Counts up and down in hundredths; recognise that hundredths arise when dividing an object by 100 and dividing tenths by 10
  • Rounds decimals with one decimal place to the nearest whole number
  • Solves simple measure and money problems involving fractions and decimals to two decimal places
Year 5
  • Compares and orders fractions whose denominators are all multiples of the same number
  • Read and write decimal numbers as fractions e.g. 0.71 =71/100
  • Reads, writes, orders and compares numbers with up to 3 decimal places
  • Solves problems which require knowing percentage and decimal equivalents of ½, ¼, ⅕, ⅖, ⅘ and those fractions with a denominator of a multiple of 10 or 25
Year 6
  • Uses written division methods in cases where the answer has up to two decimal places
  • Solves problems which require answers to be rounded to specified degrees of accuracy
  • Recalls and uses equivalences between simple fractions, decimals and percentages, including in different contexts

Number - multiplication and division

Year 3
  • Recalls and uses multiplication and division facts for the multiplication tables:
    • Three;
    • Four; and
    • Eight.
  • Writes and calculates mathematical statements for multiplication and division using the multiplication tables that they know, including for two-digit numbers times one-digit numbers, using mental and progressing to formal written methods
Year 4
  • Recalls multiplication and division facts for multiplication tables up to 12 x 12
Year 5
  • Identifies multiples and factors, including finding all factor pairs of a number, and common factors of two numbers
  • Solves problems involving multiplication and division, including using a knowledge of factors and multiples, squares and cubes
  • Solves problems involving multiplication and division, including scaling by simple fractions and problems involving simple rates

Number - number and place value

Year 3
  • Counts from 0 in multiples of four, eight, 50 and 100
  • Can work out if a given number is greater or less than 10 or 100
  • Recognises the place value of each digit in a 3-digit number (hundreds, tens and ones)
  • Solves number problems and practical problems involving these ideas
Year 4
  • Count in multiples of six, seven, nine, 25 and 1,000
  • Counts backwards through 0 to include negative numbers
  • Orders and compares numbers beyond 1,000
  • Rounds any number to the nearest 10, 100 or 1,000
Year 5
  • Reads, writes, orders and compares numbers to at least 1,000,000 and determine the value of each digit
  • Interprets negative numbers in context, count forwards and backwards with positive and negative whole numbers, including through zero
Year 6
  • Rounds any whole number to a required degree of accuracy
  • Uses negative numbers in context, and calculate intervals across zero

Ratio and proportion

Year 6
  • Solve problems involving the calculation of percentages eg of measures and such as 15% of 360, and the use of percentages for comparison
  • Solves problems involving unequal sharing and grouping using knowledge of fractions and multiples

Statistics

Year 3
  • Interprets and presents data using bar charts, pictograms and tables
Year 4
  • Solves comparison, sum and difference problems using information presented in bar charts, pictograms, tables and other graphs
Year 5
  • Completes, reads and interprets information in tables, including timetables
Year 6
  • Calculates and interprets the mean as an average

Key Stage 2 Reading

National Curriculum England 2014 - NAHT Assessment Framework

Comprehension

Year 3
  • Develops positive attitudes to reading, and an understanding of what they read, by:
    • Listening to and discussing a wide range of fiction, poetry, plays, non-fiction and reference books or textbooks
    • Using dictionaries to check the meaning of words that they have read
    • Identifying themes and conventions in a wide range of books
  • Understands what they have read independently by:
    • Drawing inferences such as inferring characters’ feelings, thoughts and motives from their actions, and justifying inferences with evidence
    • Predicting what might happen from details stated and implied
  • Retrieves and records information from non-fiction
Year 4
  • Listens to and discusses a wide range of fiction, poetry, plays, non-fiction and reference books or textbooks
  • Uses dictionaries to check the meaning of words that have been read
  • Identifies themes and conventions in a wide range of books
  • Checks that the text makes sense to the individual, discussing his understanding and explaining the meaning of words in context
  • Draws inferences such as inferring characters’ feelings, thoughts and motives from their actions and justifies inferences with evidence
  • Predicts what might happen from details stated and implied
  • Identifies main ideas drawn from more than one paragraph and summarises these
  • Retrieves and record information from non-fiction
Year 5
  • Increases familiarity with a wide range of books including myths, legends and traditional stories, modern fiction, fiction from our literary heritage, and books from other cultures and traditions
  • Checks that the book makes sense to the reader, discussing the individual’s understanding and exploring the meaning of words in context
  • Summarises the main ideas drawn from more than one paragraph, identifying key details that support the main ideas
  • Retrieves, records and presents information from non-fiction
  • Participates in discussions about books that are read to the child and those that can be read independently
  • Provides reasoned justifications for their views about a book
Year 6
  • Increases familiarity with a wide range of books, including myths, legends and traditional stories, modern fiction, fiction from our literary heritage, and books from other cultures and traditions
  • Checks that the book makes sense to the reader, discussing the individual’s understanding and exploring the meaning of words in context
  • Summarises the main ideas drawn from more than one paragraph, identifying key details that support the main ideas
  • Retrieves, records and presents information from non-fiction
  • Participates in discussions about books that are read to the individual and those that can be read independently
  • Provides reasoned justifications for their views about a book

Word reading

Year 3
  • Reads further exception words, noting the unusual correspondences between spelling and sound, and where these occur in the word
Year 4
Year 5
  • Applies a growing knowledge of root words, prefixes and suffixes (morphology and etymology), as listed in English appendix 1 of the national curriculum, both to read aloud and to understand the meaning of new words that are met
Year 6
  • Applies a growing knowledge of root words, prefixes and suffixes (morphology and etymology), as listed in English appendix 1 of the national curriculum, both to read aloud and to understand the meaning of new words that they meet

Key Stage 2 Writing

National Curriculum England 2014 - NAHT Assessment Framework

Composition

Year 3
  • Organises paragraphs around a theme
  • In narratives, creates settings, characters and plot
  • Uses headings and sub-headings to aid presentation
  • Proof-reads for spelling and punctuation errors
Year 4
  • Organises paragraphs around a theme
  • In narratives, creates settings, characters and plot
  • Proof-reads for spelling and punctuation errors
Year 5
  • Identifies the audience for, and purpose of, the writing
  • Selects the appropriate form and uses other similar writing as models for their own
  • Describes settings, characters and atmosphere
  • Uses further organisational and presentational devices to structure text and to guide the reader (eg headings, bullet points, underlining)
  • Ensures the consistent and correct use of tense throughout a piece of writing
  • Proof-reads for spelling and punctuation errors
Year 6
  • Identifies the audience for, and purpose of, the writing
  • Selects the appropriate form and uses other similar writing as models for their own
  • Uses further organisational and presentational devices to structure text and to guide the reader (eg headings, bullet points, underlining)
  • Can describe settings, characters and atmosphere
  • Ensures the consistent and correct use of tense throughout a piece of writing
  • Proof-reads for spelling and punctuation errors

Transcription - Spelling

Year 4
  • Writes from memory simple sentences, dictated by the teacher, that include words and punctuation taught so far

Vocabulary, grammar and punctuation

Year 3
  • Uses the present perfect form of verbs instead of the simple past eg ‘He has gone out to play’ in contrast to ‘He went out to play’
  • Expresses time, place and cause using conjunctions
  • Introduces inverted commas to punctuate direct speech
  • Uses the forms ‘a’ or ‘an’ according to whether the next word begins with a consonant or a vowel eg a rock, an open box
Year 4
  • Uses fronted adverbials
  • Can choose an appropriate pronoun or noun within and across sentences to aid cohesion and avoid repetition
  • Uses standard English forms for verb inflections instead of local spoken forms
  • Uses inverted commas and other punctuation to indicate direct speech
Year 5
  • Indicates degrees of possibility using adverbs (eg perhaps, surely) or modal verbs (eg might, should, will, must)
  • Uses commas to clarify meaning or avoid ambiguity
  • Converts nouns or adjectives into verbs using suffixes (eg -ate; -ise; -ify)
  • Uses devices to build cohesion within a paragraph (eg then, after that, this, firstly)
Year 6
  • Uses dictionaries to check the spelling and meaning of words
  • Can understand and apply the difference between vocabulary typical of informal speech and vocabulary appropriate for formal speech and writing (eg find out - discover; ask for - request; go in - enter)
  • Uses the passive voice to affect the presentation of information in a sentence (eg ‘I broke the window in the greenhouse’ versus ‘The window in the greenhouse was broken (by me)’
  • Uses the colon to introduce a list
  • Punctuates bullet points to list information
  • Can use layout devices, such as headings, sub-headings, columns, bullets, or tables, to structure text